It happened today – this day in history – September 8

1157: Birth of Richard I in Oxford.

1276: John XXI, the only Portuguese pope is elected.

1380: Moscow’s great monarch Dimitri defeats the Mongols beginning the decline of the Tatars at the Battle of Kulikovo.

1504: Michelangelo’s statue of David is unveiled in Florence.

1514: The Polish/Lithuania army defeat the Russians at the Battle of Orsha.

1545: The Earl of Hertford leads a retaliatory mission against Scotland.

1553: The city of Lichfield is founded.

1689: China and Russia sign the Treaty of Nertsjinsk.

1727: A barn fire during a puppet show in the village of Burwell, Cambs, kills 78 people, many of them children.

1761: George III marries Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.

1796: The French defeat Austria at the Battle of Bassano.

1831: William IV is crowned King of Great Britain.

1841: Birth of Czech composer Antonín Dvořák.

1855: French forces successfully assault the Malakoff Line during the Crimean War and British and French troops capture Sevastopol from the Russians, effectively ending the war.

1860: The excursion steamer “Lady Elgin” sinks after being rammed in a storm on Lake Michigan. 300 passengers drown.

1888: The first six Football League matches ever are played in England. On the same day, Annie Chapman becomes the second victim of Jack The Ripper in Whitechapel.

1899: The British government sends an additional 10,000 troops to Natal, South Africa.

1900: A hurricane and tidal wave strikes Galveston, Texas, killing 6,000.

1914: HMS Oceanic, sister ship of the Titanic, sinks off Scotland. On the same day, Private Thomas Highgate becomes the first British soldier to be executed for desertion during the First World War. He was pardoned posthumously in 2006.

1924: Alexandra Kollontai of Russia becomes the first female ambassador.

1926: The League of Nations Assembly votes unanimously to admit Germany.

1930: Richard Drew creates Scotch tape.

1941: The entire Jewish community of Meretsch, Lithuania, is exterminated.

1943: Italy’s capitulation is announced by General Dwight D Eisenhower.

1944: The first V2 rockets land on London and Antwerp.

1948: A British De Havilland DH108-fighter breaks the sound barrier.

1949: Death of German composer Richard Strauss aged 89.

1950: 116 miners are trapped underground after a cave in at Knockshinnoch Castle colliery in Scotland.

1952: Ernest Hemingway’s ‘The Old Man & The Sea’ is published.

1957: Juan Manuel Fangio of Argentina confirms his record breaking fifth Formula 1 World Drivers Championship, finishing 2nd in the season ending Italian Grand Prix at Monza. On the same day, Althea Gibson beats Louise Brough Clapp 6-3, 6-2 to win the US Women’s National Championship.


1958: Bobby Moore makes his debut for West Ham United, in a 3-2 First Division victory over Manchester United at Upton Park.

1960: American sprinter Wilma Rudolph wins her third gold medal of the Rome Olympics anchoring the US 4 x 100m relay team.

1963: Lotus driver Jim Clark wins the Italian Grand Prix at Monza to clinch his first Formula 1 World Drivers Championship.

1967: Uganda abolishes traditional tribal kingdoms and becomes a republic. On the same day, British Railways ceases steam traction in the north east. On the same day, working on the Magical Mystery Tour soundtrack at EMI Studios in Abbey Road, The Beatles record the instrumental Flying.

1968: Arthur Ashe win the first US men’s single title of the Open era, beating Dutchman Tom Okker 14-12, 5-7, 6-3, 3-6, 6-3.

1968: Cream – Wheels of Fire

Album chart:

  1. Bookends – Simon and Garfunkel
  2. Greatest Hits – The Hollies
  3. Wheels Of Fire – Cream
  4. Delilah – Tom Jones
  5. In Search Of The Lost Chord – The Moody Blues
  6. Crazy World Of Arthur Brown – The Crazy World Of Arthur Brown
  7. Best Of – The Beach Boys
  8. A Man Without Love – Engelbert Humperdinck
  9. Boogie With Canned Heat – Canned Heat
  10. The Sound Of Music – Original Soundtrack

1970: Three airliners are hijacked and blown up by Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine.

1973: Margaret Court wins her 24th and final Grand Slam singles title, beating fellow Australian Evonne Goolagong Cawley 7-6, 5-7, 6-2 in the US Open at Forest Hills.

1974: US President Gerald Ford pardons former president Richard Nixon of all federal crimes. On the same day, motorcycle daredevil Evel Knieval attempts unsuccessfully to jump the Snake River Canyon in Idaho. He escapes with minor injuries.

1975: Guinee-Bissau declares independence from Portugal.

1977: Guitarist Jimmy McCullough and drummer Joe English leave Wings. On the same day, comedy actor Zero Mostel dies aged 62 of an aortic aneurysm.

1981: Comedy series ‘Only Fools and Horses’ starring David Jason and Nicholas Lyndhurst, debuts on BBC1.

1986: President of Chile, Augusto Pinochet escapes an attempt on his life in a fierce attack that kills five of his bodyguards.

1990: York City’s David Longhurst dies while playing at Bootham Crescent against Lincoln City in a Fourth Division fixture. The 25-year-old collapses shortly before half-time and is pronounced dead on arrival at the local hospital.

1991: Macedonia votes for independence from Yugoslavia.

1994: The last US, British and French troops leave West Berlin.

1998: Dissident republican group The Real IRA declares its campaign of violence is at an end.

1999: US Attorney General Janet Reno names former Senator John Danforth to head an independent investigation of the 1993 fire at the Branch Davidian church near Waco, Texas in response to revelations in the film “Waco: The Rules of Engagement”.

2000: Hauliers angry at the increasing price of fuel stage a 100 lorry “go-slow” protest on the A1 in Tyne and Wear.

2003: German film maker Leni Riefenstahl dies at 101.

2009: Singer Peter Andre divorces glamour model Katie Price due to her unreasonable behaviour.

2011: Fashion designer John Galliano is found guilty of anti semitic remarks in a Paris court and fined €6,000.

2013: Singles chart:

  1. Roar – Katy Perry
  2. Burn – Ellie Goulding
  3. Wake Me Up – Avicii
  4. Sonnentanz (Sun Don’t Shine) – Klangkaruddell ft Will Heard
  5. Summertime Sadness – Lana Del Rey vs Cedric Gervais
  6. Hold On We’re Going Home – Drake ft Majid Jordan
  7. We Can’t Stop – Miley Cyrus
  8. Applause – Lady Gaga
  9. Lost Generation – Rizzle Kicks
  10. Earthquake – DJ Fresh/Diplo/Dominique Young

2014: Haider al-Abadi becomes Prime Minister of Iraq.

2015: Queen Elizabeth II becomes the longest serving monarch on British history. On the same day, Wayne Rooney becomes England’s record goalscorer with a penalty against Switzerland in a 2-0 Euro qualifier victory at Wembley Stadium.

2016: Jamaican singer, songwriter and producer, Prince Buster dies in Miami.

2017: Country singer-songwriter Don Williams dies from emphysema at 78.

2019: Brazil’s Supreme Court rules a Marvel comic depicting two men kissing can be sold after the mayor of Rio de Janeiro attempted to ban it.

2020: Two ex-Myanmar soldiers testify they were ordered to rape and kill Muslim Rohingya villagers.

BIRTHDAYS: Michael Frayn, playwright, 89; Bernie Sanders, US politician, 81; Dame Margaret Hodge, politician, 78; John McDonnell MP, Labour politician, 71; Anne Diamond, journalist, 68; Heather Thomas, actress, 65; Aimee Mann, singer songwriter, 62; David Steele, bassist (The Beat/Fine Young Cannibals) 62; Louise Minchin, journalist, 54; Chris Powell, football manager, 53; Neko Case, singer-songwriter, 52; David Arquette, actor, 51; Martin Freeman, actor 51; Richard Hughes, drummer (Keane) 47; Pink (Alicia Moore), singer-songwriter, 43; Miles Jupp, comedian/actor, 43; João Moutinho, footballer, 36; Wiz Khalifa (Cameron Jibril Thomaz), rapper, 35; Gylfi Sigurðsson, footballer, 33; Jay Weinberg, drummer (Slipknot) 32; Joe Sugg, TV personality/vlogger, 31; Bruno Fernandes, footballer, 28; Gaten Matarazzo, actor, 20.