1087: Death of William The Conqueror aged 59.
1513: The English defeat James IV of Scotland at the Battle of Flodden Fields.
1543: At nine months old, Mary Stuart is crowned Queen of Scots in Stirling.
1675: New England colonies declare war on Wampanoag indians.
1776: Congress officially renames the country as the United States of America (from the United Colonies).
1828: Birth if novelist Leo Tolstoy in Yasnaya Polyana, Russia.
1850: The territories of New Mexico and Utah are created.
1932: The Spanish Cortes grants Catalonia autonomy.
1939: The German army reaches Warsaw.
1944: Allied forces liberate Luxembourg.
1946: The Red Army supports a coup in Bulgaria, instituting a new Communist government.
1950: Mass arrests of communists in France.
1958: Race riots in Notting Hill, London.
1963: Alabama governor George Wallace is served a federal injunction to stop him ordering state police to bar black students from enrolling in white schools.
1965: The Hollywood reporter runs the following advertisement; “Madness folk & roll musicians, singers wanted for acting roles in new TV show. Parts for 4 insane boys.” 437 people apply to be one of The Monkees. On the same day, Tibet is made an autonomous region of China.
1967: The first successful test flight of a Saturn V rocket. On the same day, Uganda declares independence from Britain.
1969: Rod Laver seals a record second Grand Slam by beating fellow Australian Tony Roche at the US Open 7-9, 6-1, 6-2, 6-2.
1971: British Ambassador, Geoffrey Jackson, is released eight months after being captured by extreme left-wing guerrillas in Uruguay. On the same day, 1000 convicts riot and seize Attica Prison in New York.
1973: A fourth place finish in the Italian Grand Prix at Monza is enough to clinch Jackie Stewart his third Formula 1 World Drivers Championship.
1976: Chinese leader Mao Zedong dies at the age of 82.
1978: A day after his followers where fired on, Ayatollah Khomeini calls for an uprising in the Iranian army.
1979: South African Ferrari driver Jody Scheckter wins the Italian Grand Prix at Monza to clinch the Formula 1 World Drivers Championship.
1985: US President Ronald Reagan orders sanctions against South Africa. On the same day, a race riot breaks out in Birmingham.
1987: Twenty-five Liverpool fans involved in the Heysel stadium disaster are extradited to Belgium.
1988: English cricket captain Graham Gooch and seven other members of his squad are refused visas to travel to India for a test series after they played in South Africa.
1990: George H. W. Bush and Mikhail Gorbachev meet in Helsinki and urge Iraq to leave Kuwait.
1992: Nirvana bassist Krist Novoselic knocks himself out during the MTV Music and Video Awards when he does his stage trick of throwing his guitar in the air. The stage lights blind him of the bass’s trajectory and it lands on his head.
1997: Death of actor Burgess Meredith aged 88.
1999: A Police Review Commission report recommends wholesale reform of the Royal Ulster Constabulary.
2001: Singles chart:
- Mambo No5 – Bob The Builder
- Starlight – Supermen Lovers/Manni Hoffman
- Too Close – Blue
- Follow Me – Uncle Kracker
- Let’s Dance – Five
- Twenty Four Seven – Artful Dodger ft Melanie Blatt
- Let Me Blow Ya Mind – Eve ft Gwen Stefani
- 21 Seconds – So Solid Crew
- Take Me Home – Sophie Ellis Bextor
- Stuck In The Middle – Louise
- A Funk Odyssey – Jamiroquai
- Whoa Nelly – Nelly Furtado
- Break The Cycle – Staind
- Read My Lips – Sophie Ellis Bextor
- White Ladder – David Gray
- Is This It – The Strokes
- Iowa – Slipknot
- Kingsize – Five
- If You’ve Never Been – Embrace
- No Angel – Dido
2003: Physicist and father of the hydrogen bomb, Edward Teller, dies aged 95.
2005: Liverpool City Council confirms it is to demolish Ringo Starr’s birthplace because it has “no historical significance.”
2008: Elbow win the Mercury Music Prize for their album The Seldom Seen Kid.
2010: A court in the Philippines orders Imelda Marcos to repay the government almost $280,000 for funds taken from the National Food Authority by her husband President Ferdinand Marcos, in 1983.
2012: Actors Ryan Reynolds and Blake Lively marry in South Carolina.
2014: Guitarist Robert “Throb” Young, a founder member of Primal Scream, dies at the age of 49.
2017: “The Shape of Water” directed by Guillermo del Toro and starring Sally Hawkins wins the Golden Lion at the Venice Film Festival.
2018: Russian police detain over 1000 people amid nationwide protests against pension reform.
BIRTHDAYS: (Chaim) Topol, actor, 86; David Gold, West Ham chairman, 85; Pamela Des Barres, author, 73; Tom Wopat, actor, 70; Dave Stewart, guitarist/songwriter/producer (Eurythmics) 69; Angela Cartwright, actress, 69; Jeffrey Combs, actor, 67; Hugh Grant, actor, 61; Adam Sandler, comedian/actor, 55; Julia Sawalha, actress, 53; Henry Thomas, actor, 50; Eric Stonestreet, actor, 50; Natasha Kaplinsky, newsreader, 49; Goran Višnjić, actor, 49; Gok Wan, TV presenter, 47; Michael Buble, singer, 46; Michelle Williams, actress, 41; Luka Modrić, footballer, 36; Haley Reinhart, singer, 31.