It happened today – this day in history – July 31

54BC: Aurelia Cotta, mother of Julius Caesar, dies at 66. 30BC: Marc Antony achieves a minor victory over Octavian at

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It happened today – this day in history – April 17

1397: Geoffrey Chaucer tells the “Canterbury Tales” for the first time at the court of Richard II. 1492: Christopher Columbus

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It happened today – this day in history – January 16

550: The Ostrogoths, under King Totila, conquer Rome after a long siege by bribing the Isaurian garrison. 1362: A storm

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It happened today – on this day in history – December 25

352: The first definite date Christmas was celebrated on this day. 597: England adopts the Julian calendar. 800: Pope Leo

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It happened today – this day in history – December 5

771: Charlemagne becomes the sole King of the Franks after the death of his brother Carloman. 1456: An earthquake strikes

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It happened today – this day in history – November 27

8BC: Roman poet Horace dies aged 56. 1295: Edward I calls what later became known as “The Model Parliament” extending

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It happened today – this day in history – November 19

1274: The Mongol army lands at Hakata Bay in Japan during their first invasion attempt and are defeated;. A typhoon

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It happened today – this day in history – November 15

1492: Christopher Columbus makes the first recorded reference to tobacco. 1515: Thomas Wolsey is invested as a cardinal. 1532: Pope

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It happened today – this day in history – November 11

1158: Frederick Barbarossa declares himself ruler of North Italy. 1493: Christopher Columbus discovers the Caribbean island of Saba. 1640: Thomas

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