It happened today – this day in history – October 1

331BC: Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia at the Battle of Gaugamela. 959: Edgar I, the Peaceful, becomes

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It happened today – this day in history – September 26

1181: Birth of St Francis of Assisi. 1396: Sultan Bajezid I beheads hundreds of crusaders. 1580: Francis Drake completes his

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It happened today – this day in history – July 25

306: Constantine I is proclaimed Roman Emperor by his troops. 1261: Constantinople recaptured by Nicaean forces under Alexios Strategopoulos for

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It happened today – this day in history – March 25

1199: Richard I is wounded by a crossbow bolt while fighting France, leads to his death on April 6. 1306:

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It happened today – this day in history – January 21

1720: Sweden and Prussia sign a peace treaty ending hostilities during the Great Northern War. 1793: Louis XVI of France

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It happened today – this day in history – November 21

1620: The Pilgrim Fathers reach Provincetown Harbour, Massachusetts. 1694: French writer and philosopher Voltaire (Francois-Marie Arouet) is born in Paris.

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It happened today – this day in history – August 24

1360: The Treaty of Brétigny is ratified at Calais, marking the end of the first phase of the Hundred Years’

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