It happened today – this day in history – December 6

343: Greek Bishop St Nicholas, model for the modern day Father Christmas, dies aged 73. 1240: Mongols under Batu Khan

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It happened today – this day in history – November 24

1434: The River Thames freezes over in London. 1542: The English beat Scottish King James V at the Battle of

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It happened today – this day in history – September 22

66: Emperor Nero creates the Legion I Italica. 1499: Switzerland becomes an independent state. 1515: Anne of Cleves, fourth wife

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It happened today – this day in history – September 16

1498: Tomas de Torquemada, Castilian Grand Inquisitor during Spanish Inquisition, dies aged 77. 1630: The Massachusetts village of Shawmut changes

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It happened today – this day in history – September 8

1157: Birth of Richard the Lionheart in Oxford. 1276: John XXI, the only Portuguese pope is elected. 1380: Moscow’s great

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It happened today – this day in history – August 9

48BC: Julius Ceasar defeats Pompey at Pharsalus and Pompey flees to Egypt. 681: Bulgaria is founded as a Khanate on

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It happened today – this day in history – January 15

1412: Birth of Joan of Arc. 1535: Henry VIII declares himself head of the Church in England. 1552: France signs

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It happened today – this day in history – November 24

1434: The River Thames freezes over in London. 1542: The English beat Scottish King James V at the Battle of

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It happened today – this day in history – September 22

1499: Switzerland becomes an independent state. 1515: Anne of Cleves, fourth wife of Henry VIII, is born in Dusseldorf. 1529:

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