It happened today – this day in history – October 21

1520: Explorer Ferdinand Magellan and his fleet reach Cape Virgenes and become the first Europeans to sail into the Pacific

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It happened today – this day in history – October 12

1216: King John loses his crown jewels in The Wash as the flood tide swamps his wagons. 1459: Richard of

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It happened today – this day in history – October 1

331BC: Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia at the Battle of Gaugamela. 959: Edgar I, the Peaceful, becomes

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It happened today – this day in history – September 9

1087: Death of William The Conqueror aged 59. 1513: The English defeat James IV of Scotland at the Battle of

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It happened today – this day in history – August 24

410: Rome is overrun by Visigoths under Alaric I. 1215: Pope Innocent III declares the Magna Carta invalid. 1217: The

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It happened today – this day in history – August 23

476: Odoacer is proclaimed King of Italy by his troops 1305: Scottish patriot William Wallace is executed for high treason

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It happened today – this day in history – August 19

14AD: Death of first Roman Emperor Augustus aged 75. 1274: Edward I is crowned King of England at Westminster Abbey

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It happened today – this day in history – May 25

1521: The Edict of Worms outlaws Martin Luther and his followers. 1659: Richard Cromwell resigns as Lord Protector of England,

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It happened today – this day in history – May 16

1527: Florence becomes a republic. 1532: Sir Thomas More resigns as Lord Chancellor. 1568: Mary, Queen of Scots flees to

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It happened today – on this day in history – December 25

352: The first definite date Christmas was celebrated on this day. 597: England adopts the Julian calendar. 800: Pope Leo

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