It happened today – on this day in history – December 25

352: The first definite date Christmas was celebrated on this day. 597: England adopts the Julian calendar. 800: Pope Leo

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It happened today – this day in history – November 19

1274: The Mongol army lands at Hakata Bay in Japan during their first invasion attempt and are defeated;. A typhoon

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It happened today – this day in history – October 21

1520: Explorer Ferdinand Magellan and his fleet reach Cape Virgenes and become the first Europeans to sail into the Pacific

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It happened today – this day in history – October 1

331BC: Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia at the Battle of Gaugamela. 959: Edgar I, the Peaceful, becomes

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It happened today – this day in history – August 24

79: Mt Vesuvius erupts, burying Pompeii and Herculaneum, killing 15,000. 410: Rome is overrun by Visigoths under Alaric I for

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