It happened today – this day in history – August 31

12AD: Birth of Caligula, third emperor of Rome. 1422: Henry VI becomes King of England at the age of nine

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It happened today – this day in history – August 25

1482: Death of Margaret of Anjou, wife of Henry VI aged 52. 1530: Birth of Ivan the Terrible, first tsar

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It happened today – this day in history – July 10

48BC: Julius Ceasar barely avoids a catastrophic defeat to Pompey near the city of Dyrrachium (in what is now Albania).

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It happened today – this day in history – May 30

1381: Peasant uprising begins in Essex. 1431: Joan of Arc, aged 19, is burned at the stake in Rouen. 1445:

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It happened today – this day in history – March 29

1461: Wars of the Roses: Battle of Towton – Duke of York defeats the Lancastrian army, deposes King Henry VI

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It happened today – on this day in history – December 16

1431: Henry VI of England is crowned king of France. 1485: Birth of Catherine of Aragon in Madrid. 1497: Portuguese

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