It happened today – this day in history – July 19

1543: Death of Lady Mary Boleyn, mistress of Henry VIII. 1545: Henry VIII’s flagship the Mary Rose sinks at Portsmouth;

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It happened today – this day in history – July 12

1109: Crusaders capture Tripoli. 1191: Richard the Lionheart and crusaders defeat Saracens in Palestine. 1542: French troops occupy Flanders. 1543:

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It happened today – this day in history – July 11

1274: Birth of Robert the Bruce in Scotland. 1533: Pope Clement VII excommunicates Henry VIII. 1576: Martin Frobisher sights Greenland.

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It happened today – this day in history – July 10

48BC: Julius Ceasar barely avoids a catastrophic defeat to Pompey near the city of Dyrrachium (in what is now Albania).

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It happened today – this day in history – July 9

1401: Turko-Mongol ruler Tamerlane destroys Baghdad, killing 20,000. 1540: Henry VIII annuls his six month marriage to his fourth wife

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It happened today – this day in history – June 24

1314: Scotland regains independence from England at the Battle of Bannockburn. 1340: The English fleet destroys the French at the

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It happened today – this day in history – June 22

168BC: Romans under Lucius Aemilius Paullus defeat and capture Macedonian King Perseus, ending the Third Macedonian War. 1377: Richard II

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It happened today – this day in history – June 21

1377: Death of Edward III aged 64. 1529: Catherine of Aragon speaks against her marriage’s annulment to Henry VIII at

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It happened today – this day in history – June 11

1144: Basilica of St Denis is dedicated near Paris, the first fully Gothic church. 1345: Alexios Apokaukos, chief minister of

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It happened today – this day in history – June 7

1099: First crusaders arrive in Jerusalem. 1329: Death of Robert the Bruce, king of Scotland. 1494: Spain and Portugal divide

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