It happened today – this day in history – October 5

1568: The trial of Mary, Queen of Scots begins at the Conference of York. 1796: Spain declares war on England.

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It happened today – this day in history – October 1

331BC: Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia at the Battle of Gaugamela. 959: Edgar I, the Peaceful, becomes

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It happened today – this day in history – September 24

1493: Christopher Columbus embarks on his second expedition to the New World. 1529: Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent and his Ottoman

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It happened today – this day in history – September 18

1180: Death of Louis VII, King of France. 1544: Henry VIII’s troops occupy Boulogne. 1709: Birth of lexicographer Samuel Johnson

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It happened today – this day in history – September 16

1498: Tomas de Torquemada, Castilian Grand Inquisitor during Spanish Inquisition, dies aged 77. 1630: The Massachusetts village of Shawmut changes

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It happened today – this day in history – July 5

1295: Scotland and France form an alliance against England. 1596: The English fleet captures Cadiz. 1687: Isaac Newton’s great work

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It happened today – this day in history – July 2

1214: The Battle of La Roche-aux-Moines (Angers), part of King John of England’s attempt to reclaim Normandy from France. 1566:

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It happened today – this day in history – May 3

1621: Lord Chancellor Francis Bacon is accused of bribery. 1758: Death of Pope Benedict XIV aged 83. 1802: Washington D.C.

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It happened today – this day in history – March 31

1521: Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan takes possession of Homohon, Archipelago of St Lazarus, The Philippines. 1596: Birth of French philosopher

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It happened today – on this day in history – February 20

1472: Orkney and Shetland are left by Norway to Scotland, due to a dowry payment. 1547: Edward VI is crowned

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