It happened today – this day in history – October 5

1568: The trial of Mary, Queen of Scots begins at the Conference of York. 1796: Spain declares war on England.

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It happened today – this day in history – September 16

1498: Tomas de Torquemada, Castilian Grand Inquisitor during Spanish Inquisition, dies aged 77. 1630: The Massachusetts village of Shawmut changes

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It happened today – this day in history – August 17

1585: Antwerp surrenders after an 8-month siege by the Duke of Parma. 1743: The Treaty of Åbo is signed, ending

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It happened today – this day in history – May 11

330: Byzantium becomes the capital of the Roman Empire. 1310: 54 Knights Templar are burned at the stake in France

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It happened today – this day in history – December 5

771: Charlemagne becomes the sole King of the Franks after the death of his brother Carloman. 1456: An earthquake strikes

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