It happened today – this day in history – July 12

1109: Crusaders capture Tripoli. 1191: Richard I (the Lionheart) and crusaders defeat Saracens in Palestine. 1542: French troops occupy Flanders.

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It happened today – this day in history – May 30

1381: Peasant uprising begins in Essex. 1431: Joan of Arc, aged 19, is burned at the stake in Rouen. 1445:

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It happened today – this day in history – April 4

1406: Death of Robert III, King of Scots. 1558: Ivan the Terrible gives parts of north Russia to fur traders.

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It happened today – this day in history – January 7

1536: Catherine of Aragon dies aged 50. 1558: Calais, the last English possession in France, is retaken by the French.

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It happened today – this day in history – September 28

551BC: Birth of Confucius. 48BC: Pompey the Great is assassinated on the orders of King Ptolemy of Egypt. 935: Saint

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