It happened today – this day in history – July 16

1054: Three Roman legates fracture relations between Western and Eastern Christian churches by placing invalid Papal Bull of Excommunication on

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It happened today – this day in history – July 12

1109: Crusaders capture Tripoli. 1191: Richard I (the Lionheart) and crusaders defeat Saracens in Palestine. 1542: French troops occupy Flanders.

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It happened today – this day in history – July 7

1307: Edward I dies aged 68. He is succeeded by his son Edward II. 1456: A retrial verdict acquits Joan

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It happened today – this day in history – July 1

251: The Battle of Abrittus is won by the Goths against the Romans. 1200: Sunglasses are invented in China. 1535:

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It happened today – this day in history – June 13

1525: Martin Luther marries Katharina von Bora, against the celibacy rule decreed by the Roman Catholic Church for priests and

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It happened today – this day in history – June 3

1098: After a five-month siege in the First Crusade, Crusaders seize Antioch (in modern day Turkey). 1539: Explorer Hernando de

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It happened today – this day in history – May 30

1381: Peasant uprising begins in Essex. 1431: Joan of Arc, aged 19, is burned at the stake in Rouen. 1445:

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It happened today – this day in history – May 29

1176: The Lombard League defeats Emperor Frederick Barbarossa and the Holy Roman Empire at the Battle at Legnano. 1415: Pope

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It happened today – this day in history – May 23

1430: Joan of Arc is captured at Compiegne and sold to the English. 1533: Henry VIII’s marriage to Catherine of

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