It happened today – this day in history – January 22

871: The Danish invasion army beats Saxon Ethelred of Wessex at the Battle of Basing. 1371: King Robert II of

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It happened today – this day in history – January 18

1126: Emperor Huizong abdicates the Chinese throne in favour of his son Qinzong. 1535: Francisco Pizarro founds the city of

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It happened today – this day in history – January 5

1066: Death of Edward the Confessor. 1463: French poet Francois Villon is banished from Paris. 1500: Duke Ludovico Sforza reconquers

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It happened today – this day in history – December 6

343: Greek Bishop St Nicholas, model for the modern day Father Christmas, dies aged 73. 1240: Mongols under Batu Khan

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It happened today – this day in history – November 29

1530: Cardinal Thomas Wolsey, advisor to Henry VIII, dies just before facing trial for treason. 1643: Composer Claudio Monteverdi dies

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It happened today – this day in history – November 27

8BC: Roman poet Horace dies aged 56. 1295: Edward I calls what later became known as “The Model Parliament” extending

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It happened today – this day in history – October 17

79: Mt. Vesuvius erupts, burying the cities of Pompeii, Herculaneum, Oplontis and Stabiae, killing thousands. 1346: King David II of

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It happened today – this day in history – March 24

1603: Scottish King James VI, son of Mary Queen of Scots, becomes King James I of England in succession to

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It happened today – this day in history – August 14

1040: King Duncan I of Scotland is killed in battle against his first cousin and rival Macbeth. 1498: Christopher Columbus

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