It happened today – this day in history – July 30

762: The city of Baghdad is founded by Abbasid caliph Al-Mansur, just north of ancient Baghdad. 1678: English troops land

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It happened today – this day in history – July 26

1267: The Inquisition forms in Rome under Pope Clement IV. 1469: The forces of Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick

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It happened today – this day in history – July 23

636: Arabs gain control of most of Palestine from the Byzantine Empire. 1148: Crusaders attack Damascus. 1745: Charles Edward Stuart,

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It happened today – this day in history – July 17

1203: The siege of Constantinople begins during the fourth crusade. 1585: English secret service discovers Anthony Babington’s murder plot against

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It happened today – this day in history – July 16

1054: Three Roman legates fracture relations between Western and Eastern Christian churches by placing invalid Papal Bull of Excommunication on

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It happened today – this day in history – July 13

1174: William I of Scotland, key rebel in the revolt of 1173-1174, is captured at Alnwick by forces loyal to

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It happened today – this day in history – July 12

1109: Crusaders capture Tripoli. 1191: Richard the Lionheart and crusaders defeat Saracens in Palestine. 1542: French troops occupy Flanders. 1543:

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It happened today – this day in history – July 11

1274: Birth of Robert the Bruce in Scotland. 1533: Pope Clement VII excommunicates Henry VIII. 1576: Martin Frobisher sights Greenland.

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It happened today – this day in history – July 9

1401: Turko-Mongol ruler Tamerlane destroys Baghdad, killing 20,000. 1540: Henry VIII annuls his six month marriage to his fourth wife

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