It happened today – this day in history – October 3

52BC: Vercingetorix, leader of the Gauls, surrenders to the Romans under Julius Caesar. 42BC: Gaius Cassius, Roman senator and conspirator

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It happened today – this day in history – September 22

66: Emperor Nero creates the Legion I Italica. 1499: Switzerland becomes an independent state. 1515: Anne of Cleves, fourth wife

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It happened today – this day in history – August 21

1192: Minamoto Yoritomo becomes Seii Tai Shōgun and de facto ruler of Japan. 1264: Kublai Khan accepts the surrender of

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It happened today – this day in history – August 9

48BC: Julius Ceasar defeats Pompey at Pharsalus and Pompey flees to Egypt. 681: Bulgaria is founded as a Khanate on

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It happened today – this day in history – June 18

1264: The Parliament of Ireland meets at Castledermot in Co Kildare, the first definitively known meeting of this Irish legislature.

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It happened today – this day in history – May 29

1176: The Lombard League beats Emperor Frederick Barbarossa and the Holy Roman Empire at the Battle at Legnano. 1453: Constantinople,

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It happened today – this day in history – March 26

127AD: Greek astronomer and mathematician Ptolemy begins his observations of the heavens. 1668: England takes control of Bombay. 1780: The

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It happened today – on this day in history – December 19

1154: Henry II is crowned King of England. 1642: Four of explorer Abel Rasman’s crew are killed at Wharewharangi Bay

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